Belgium joins the long list of member states that have seen successful national challenges to data retention laws based on an EU directive that has itself been invalidated.
"Undemocratic, unnecessary and — in the long run — intolerable" is how an independent reviewer described the UK's snooping laws.
Germany is planning to pass a law this year allowing telecommunications data retention. Numerous critics deem this legislative proposal unconstitutional and fear extensive digital surveillance.
Open Rights Group, Privacy International and internationally renowned experts file amicus curiae briefs with the Hungarian Constitutional Court in a case to repeal the country's communications act.
British security services acted unlawfully in accessing bulk data gathered by the US National Security Agency, a UK tribunal has judged, marking the first time it has ruled against an intelligence agency.