The study analyzes the living conditions of about 25,000 thousand Roma and Sinti people, focusing on housing segregation, which has created ethnic ghettos called "nomad camps" which have been subject to forced evictions.
On "The margins of the margin"
The results of the report "The margins of the margin" edited by the Associazione 21 luglio and presented in Rome on the International Day for the Rights of the Roma, highlights that Italy has tens of thousands of Roma people living in slums, whether formal or informal. These people make up about 0.04% of the Italian population. There are 127 formal settlements in 74 municipalities, which are home to about 15,000 people, more than half of whom are minors. Almost 45% of the people living in these formal slums are Italian citizens.
The report also concludes that there have been as many as 195 documented forced evictions throughout Italy, with 90 taking place in the North and 80 in central Italy, with the rest happening in the south of the country.
Hate speech is “gasoline that risks becoming a fire”
Italy's national strategy for Roma inclusion, which it drew up in 2012, is now essentially not being applied at all.
In 2018, the Observatory also recorded a total of 125 episodes of hate speech against Roma and Sinti people, 38 (30.4% of the total) of which were deemed to be grave abuses.
Carlo Stasolla, president of the Associazione 21 luglio,said that political language "becomes spread gasoline that risks becoming a fire" when talking about the possibility of the government invoking a "nomadic emergency".
Security and immigration decree having a serious effect
The effects of the security and immigration decree are also worrying: "With the abolition of the humanitarian visa by 2020, a thousand Roma people from former Yugoslav countries will find themselves in a situation of irregularity".